We have spoken before about hip flexors and how important their optimal function to the body actually is. The Psoas in particular attaches up on your spine, which means if it is not functioning well, then it can greatly affect your back. Imagine the pressure of a rope, holding onto the middle of your back and pulling it constantly forward. Yep, it’s pretty painful. A lot of lower back problems are easily fixed by releasing your Psoas. This is only one problem that a malfunctioning hip flexor can cause, the reality is that this muscle plays a lot of functions in your body.
How To Loosen Hip Flexors?
There are three basic ways that you can do to loosen your hip flexors, and the reality is the best thing to do is do all of them. The three methods are:
- Soft Tissue Therapy
- Active Release
Let’s talk through these a little.
This is a reasonably obvious one, but it is important to get the right stretches in. Your hip flexor is made largely up of a lot of fascia. Stretching is important, but you need to do it the right way, and it should be accompanied by other releasing methods. Ensure that you hold stretches for at least 30 seconds so you can start to release the fascia as well. You will actually feel your hip flexors releasing. Here you have an example of a stretch to do by yourself, and a stretch that you can do with a partner.
As you can see in this first stretch, you need to put your arms above your head to stretch out your body, stretch out the fascia. Reaching back behind starts to open up the hip flexors even more. Remember to hold this for at least 30 seconds.
This next stretch is one you can do in partners. Hold your knee whilst lying off a table, butt on the edge. Get the partner to push down onto the leg that is hanging off the table. Stretch it for 10 seconds, then get the person on the table to push back up whilst you resist them for 5 seconds. Stretch them again passively for another 10 seconds, and push for more range. Remember the hip flexor is a tough muscle, you need to stretch it hard. This is called PNF stretching and is a very useful technique for getting range of motion.
Soft Tissue Therapy
Here is an excerpt from the Tennis Ball Therapy article explaining how to do soft tissue work.
This is a tough one to actually get trigger points done with the tennis ball, however this kind of work will give it a good release. The Psoas is often tight from people sitting down at work all day and having it in a shortened position.
About 2 cm right from your belly button is the initial place you want to put the ball. Lay flat and gradually raise yourself up of the ground. The higher you go the more stretch and consequently more pressure you put through your Psoas. Repeat this with the ball in the same spot a few times, then move it up and down slightly. Test out each area of the Psoas and find where you are tightest. Not everyone will feel something from this exercise, if you are tight in the Psoas I find the best way to get nice and deep where you need is some hands on active release work or acupuncture. However this is a good, cheap and convenient start!
If you like the idea of healing your pain with a tennis ball, then your should check out my Tennis Ball Massage Guide. It will talk in more detail about how to attack the hip flexors (Psoas, Illiacus and Rec Fem), and give you step by step instructions on how to release your body with a foam roller and tennis ball.
There is a phenomenon called reciprocal inhibition. Basically muscles work in pairs, and when one muscle in that pair is active and working, the other one will release and relax. Your glutes and your hip flexor experience this phenomenon. So what am I saying? Well, working your glutes will help to release your hip flexors, but even more so, working your glutes in exercises that stretch your hip flexors are even better. Lunges are a great exercise for this, but here is a picture of another great one. It’s called the bridge and it basically works your glutes and puts your hip flexor on stretch at the same time. Ensure that you feel your glutes working and contracting. Do it 10 to 15 times and 2 to 3 sets of it.
So here you have three methods to release your hip flexors, try them all and you will feel a difference. If you want to see a detailed program, check out this kindle book.